This document describes how to reduce a Be or Al isotope ratio measurement, provided by an accelerator-mass-spectrometer measurement, to a Be or Al concentration in quartz, which is the quantity needed to calculate an exposure age or an erosion rate. This process also incorporates the Be process blank and its uncertainty into the final estimate of the nuclide concentration in the sample.
The information needed to do this is as follows. For a Be measurement, one needs: 1) the measured Be/Be isotope ratio and its 1-standard-error uncertainty; 2) the mass of Be added as carrier in the chemical processing and its uncertainty; 3) the mass of the quartz sample itself; and 4) the typical number of atoms of Be in a laboratory process blank, and its uncertainty.
To determine this last item, the `typical' number of Be atoms in the process blank, one also needs the measured isotope ratios and the carrier concentrations used for one or more process blanks that were run together with samples. Basically, the procedure is to first calculate the number of Be atoms in your process blanks, then use this information to decide on the correct blank value to use in computing the Be concentrations in the samples. The discussion below goes in the opposite order - beginning with the situation for samples and then going on to a discussion of blanks - for better clarity in the explanation.
For an Al measurement, one needs the corresponding information for Al, except that Al carrier is not commonly used for Al measurements. The total amount of natural Al measured in the sample is used instead.